Suddhi Movement aimed at purifying those Hindus who were converted to other religions in the nineteenth century. During his reign Khan-i-Jahan Maqhal, a Telugu Brahmin was appointed as Wazir of Empire. Mohammad-bin Tughlaq ascended the throne in 1325. However, the literature of his time was influenced by Islamic faith and therefore, suffered from narrow sectionalism. Thus, Firuz practised severely intolerant policy towards the Hindus. The Tughlaq dynasty would not survive much after Firoz Shah's death. Khwaja Hisam-ud-din Junaid was assigned the task of fixing the revenue from the khalisah (state) land. Probably, the state-demand was 1/5th to 1/3rd of the produce as land revenue. Its advantage was that the income of the state was fixed and was known beforehand. Tughlaq was in power from 1351 to 1388 AD. The Muslims regarded Firoz Shah as an ideal ruler who tried to rule strictly according to the Quran. ‘Firoz Shah Tughlaq executed a Brahman for abusing the Prophet of Islam’, Satish Chandra, one of our ’eminent’ historians, writes in his book Medieval India, a textbook for students of history for class XI (which was recalled after NDA came to power in 1998), while enlightening us about ‘THE POLICY OF BROAD TOLERATION’ as religious policy of Delhi Sultanate. 1. ManAgam6620 ManAgam6620 13.08.2020 History Secondary School +5 pts. He ordered that the Muslim women should not c… Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioti After Firoz Shah Tughlaq 1388-1414 1. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Kotla literally means fortress or citadel. Firoz Shah Tughlaq (also written as ‘Feroz’ or ‘Firuz’) was the third Emperor from Tughlaq Dynasty, his predecessors being Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq and Muhammed Bin Tughlaq. The second was 96 miles long and ran from the Satluj to the Ghaghara. The Brahmins were NOT exempted from the Jaziya tax levied on their pilgrimages but abolished Jaziya for those who accepted Islam. Religious policies of Firoz Shah Tughlaq were based on the predominance of Islamic laws and the Ulema as the basic principles in administering the state. Firoze Shah Tughluq always attempted to win the goodwill and support of the ulama and extended the influence of theologians in the state affairs. Jia Nakshavi was the first person to translate a series of Sanskrit texts into Persian.The book, popularly known as Thutinama, ... Next Article Jahangir’s religious policy. He is known for having built various schools, religious establishments, and earthworks. The one was 150 miles long and carried the waters of the river Yamuna to Hissar. […] a) Iltutmish. Firuz Tughlaq tried to revive the… In 1316, Sultan Alauddin Khilji, one of the greatest, powerful and ruler of Hindustan history, died. Firuz Shah Tughlaq Firuz Shah Tughlaq (also spelled Tughluq) was the ruler of Dulhi Sultanate from 1351 t o 1358. Firoz Tughlaq tried to serve his people in the best way he could and that is … Fanatically intolerant religious policy towards the Hindus: Firoz encouraged the Hindus for conversion to Islam. The gardens yielded an annual income of 1, 80,000 Tankas. Dr R.C. He also established Diwan-i-lstibqaq to give financial aid to the poor. Firoz Shah Tughlaq strictly followed the advice of Ulemas in running the administration. This page is about the fortress. He built his own tomb close the city of ‘Siri’ and near the water tank created by Alauddin Khilaji. 1. Thus, Firuz did many works of public utility. Firoz Shah belonged from the Tughlaq dynasty of Delhi. He ruled from 1351-1388, and built a number of architectural marvels. He established a separate department called Diwan-i-Khairat which cared for orphans and widows and arranged marriages of poor Muslim girls. Firoz’s religious policy has become subject to severe criticism mainly by Indian historians. The use of red sandstone added colour to their buildings. The inscription on Ashoka pillar at Firoz Shah Kotla. Firoz Tughlaq surrounded Bengal in 1353 A.D. and 1359A.D. After the death of Alauddin Khilji, Shihab-ud-din Khilji remained in power but could not retain his power for long. Tughlaq was in power from 1351 to 1388 AD. ‘Firoz Shah Tughlaq executed a Brahman for abusing the Prophet of Islam’, Satish Chandra, one of our ’eminent’ historians, writes in his book Medieval India, a textbook for students of history for class XI (which was recalled after NDA came to power in 1998), while enlightening us about ‘THE POLICY OF BROAD TOLERATION’ as religious policy of Delhi Sultanate. Teachers were liberally paid by the state and stipends were granted to students. His reforms regarding the abolition of unjust taxes, improvement of agriculture, patronage of buildings, legislation and other humanitarian measure are the best proof of administrative qualities of Firoz Shah Tughluq. Firoz was a pious and devout Sunni Muslim. Shams-i-Shiraj Afif wrote- “The necessaries of life were abundant and grain continued to be cheap throughout the reign of Firuz as in that of Ala-ud-din Khalji, but without any effort.”. What was the religious policy of Firoz Shah Tughlaq? The Tughlaq dynasty would not survive much after Firoz Shah's death. He abolished the practice of torturing the guilty to extract the truth from them. After Firoz Shah Tughlaq 1388-1414 1. Religions Policies of Firoz Shah Tughlaq Religious policies of Firoz Shah Tughlaq were based on the predominance of Islamic laws and the Ulema as the basic principles in administering the state. He seized Jainagar. The following points highlight the various domestic policies laid down by Firuz Shah of the Tughluq Dynasty. At the time of re-installation of the obelisk in Delhi, in 1356, … They resulted in increased prosperity both for the subjects and the state. One of the important outcomes of these revolts was the birth of the first Muslim state in Deccan ie Bahmani Kingdom by Alauddin Bahman Shah in 1343. False.Firoz Shah Tughlaq was Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s cousin. As Muhammad bin Tughlaq left no son, his cousin Feroze Shah Tughlaq ascended the throne as Sultan. Firoz Shah Tughlaq was the first Sultan of Delhi whose religious policies were based on the pre-eminence of Islamic laws. He was the child of a Hindu princess of 2. Sultan Ala-ud-din, Shaikh Taj-ud-din Kafuri and Shaikh Nizam-ud-din Auliya. The peasants were freed from return of Taqavi loans given to them by the state. Slaves 8. After the death of Alauddin Khilji, Shihab-ud-din Khilji remained in power but could not retain his power for long. The Tughlaqs were basically of Turkish origin and the family was essentially Muslim. He was a sultan who took keen curiosity in the field of architecture. During his rule, Firoz Tughlaq adopted measures like revenue reforms, irrigation works, charitable programmes and public works etc. which won praise from various quarters. Firoz Shah Tughlaq was Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s son. The revenue which was fixed up, remained unchanged during the reign of Firuz. Last Days of Firoz Shah Tughlaq: In 1375, Prince Fath Khan, his eldest and favorite son, died and the Sultan was greatly affected by his death.When the Sultan was nearly ninety years (1387), Khan-i-Jahan, the wazir, got absolute power of the kingdom. Thus, his principles remained closer to that of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb who followed him much later, but of course, with a difference. But, this fondness for slaves of the Sultan went against the interest of the state. The Malwa, Gujarat and Sharqi (Jaunpur) Kingdoms broke away from the Sultanate. Discuss the religious policy of firoz shah tughlag Get the answers you need, now! He was the child of a Hindu princess of The religious policy of Firuz was reactionary in principle and did positive harm to the state in practice. In his autobiography, he claimed to have burnt the books of Shias. Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1309 – 20 September 1388) was a Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. brought discredit to him. ADVERTISEMENTS: We can discuss the reign of Firoz Tughluq under tow heads: domestic policy and foreign policy. As Muhammad bin Tughlaq left no son, his cousin Firuz Tughlaq ascended the throne as Sultan. Rather, it was the result of guess which was, of course, supported by previous revenue records. His army Answered Discuss the religious policy of firoz shah tughlag 2 At the same time, his military expeditions, slave system, feudal practice and religious policy etc. In a way, his religious policy also contributed in bringing about the downfall of the Tughluq empire. Tughlaq Dynasty : Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, , Firoz Shah Tughlaq Tughlaq Dynasty Third of the five dynasties that ruled Delhi, the Tughluq Dynasty was, perhaps, one of the strongest of the Delhi Sultanates. Foreign Policy. Firuzabad near the Red Fort in Delhi was the favourite city of Firuz where he mostly lived. Content Guidelines 2. In a way, his religious policy also contributed in bringing about the downfall of the Tughluq empire. Firoz Tughlaq wrote his own self narrative and the historian Barni and Afif were in his protection. He suffered from an inferiority complex that he had been born of a Hindu mother. He restored the privileges of the qazis. He organised a separate department under a separate officer to look after their welfare. Firuz proved an exception. Timur Invasion: (1398-99) Timur, a Turk, invaded India in 1398 during the reign of Muhammad Shah Tughlaq, the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty. It put unnecessary burden on the treasury and, afterwards, the slaves of Firuz interfered in affairs of the state which also contributed towards the downfall of Tughluq dynasty. All these efforts resulted in the extension of area under cultivation, enhancement of trade and also income of the state in the form of irrigation- tax. Firuz abolished a number of internal trade taxes which resulted in reduction of prices of goods and enhancement of trade. The Army stopped for a week at Siwistan, where the Friday Khutba was read in the name of Firoz for the first time. Firuz constructed five canals for the purpose of irrigation. Copyright © Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. Walis or Sufi Saints are those who have established a connection with the universal consciousness. The religious policy of Firoz shah Tughlaq was pre-eminence of Islamic laws Explanation: Firoz Shah Tughlaq belonged to the Muslim community. After Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq, Tughlaq Dynasty had a new ruler and it was Firoz Shah Tughlaq. But, the system was illogical as it was not based on measurement of land and actual produce. Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference. 3. Villages were divided for efficient governance. Neither jagirdars nor the professional contractors who were assigned land periodically for the collection of the revenue were kept under control of the state or expected to look after the welfare of the peasants. Born in 1309, Firoz Shah Tughlaq was the third ruler of Tughlaq dynasty that ruled over Delhi from 1320 to 1412 AD. He wrote- “I encouraged my infidel subjects to embrace the religion of the Prophet, and I proclaimed that everyone who left his creed and became a Musalman should be exempted from the Jizya.”. Log in. Sikandar Lodi was the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty and became Sultan after the death of his father Bahlul Khan Lodi on July 17, 1489. He did not give any harsh punishment and banned the inhuman practices like cutting hands, nose etc. 1351-1388 AD), was a man of 45 years. Firuz abolished nearly twenty-four taxes which were, certainly, burdensome to the people. He is known for having built various schools, religious establishments, and earthworks. Firuz laid out 1,200 fruit gardens which enhanced the income of the state. In the year that Sultan Alauddin Khilji died, Qutb Uddin Mubarak sat … Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Domestic Policies of Muhammad Bin Tughluq | India | Tughluq Dynasty, Reign of Firuz Shah Tughluq | Tughluq Dynasty | Indian History, Successors of Firuz Shah | Tughluq Dynasty | Indian History, Ghiyas-Ud-Din Tughluq Shah: Difficulties and Death | Tughluq Dynasty, Architecture during the Sultanate Period | Indian History, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. TOS4. In March, 1351, Muhammad died. Yet, the state was benefited as the expenditure of the state could be adjusted according to its income which was known beforehand. According to Firishta, Firuz also constructed fifty dams and thirty tanks or lakes to store water. Barani wrote Fatwah-i-Jahandari; Afif wrote his Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi; and the Sultan wrote his autobiography, Fatuhat-i-Firuzshahi. [1] He was the son of a Rajput Hindu princess of Dipalpur. His tomb is in the middle of a madrasa he commissioned, overlooking a tank of water known as Hauz Khas. Probably, these included even those villages which were left desolated by the people but were repopulated because of the increased facilities provided by the state during the reign of Firuz. He also repaired many old historical buildings. He called himself the Naib of the Khalifa and inscribed his name on his coins. 1. The Feroz Shah Kotla or Kotla was a fortress built by Sultan Feroz Shah Tughlaq to house his version of Delhi city called Ferozabad. But Firoz Tughlak was a religious bigot. During the last years of the reign of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, the administration had disrupted and the subjects were dissatisfied, and also there was a breakdown of the economy.The Muslims were also dissatisfied with the policy … Firoz Shah Tughlaq who became the Sultan in AD 1351 was a patron of arts and literature. Contemporary Tombs of Tughlaq Sultans in Delhi The Tomb and Madrassa of Firoz Shah Tughlaq (14 th C), The Tomb of Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq (c.1325), Delhi From Multan and Uch-Sharif Uch Monument Complex (about sixteen structures) (On Tentative list of Proposed UNESCO World Heritage Sites) Ruins of at Uch Uch emerged as a thriving hub of Islamic Sufism and scholarship in the 13 th C. The third started from the neighbourhood of Sirmaur hills and ran up to Hansi. Firuz was neither a laborious nor an efficient administrator. Thus, Firuz encouraged education and learning. Finance 2. Firuz remained fanatically intolerant towards the Hindus. Ask your question. In 1316, Sultan Alauddin Khilji, one of the greatest, powerful and ruler of Hindustan history, died. Therefore, the religious policy of Firuz remained intolerant towards people of every faith except the Sunnis. He established an employment bureau which arranged for the employment of unemployed people. The pillar, also called obelisk or Lat is an Ashoka Column, attributed to Mauryan ruler Ashoka. His religious policy, slave-system and the weak organisation of the army, certainly, weakend the state. A pristine polished sandstone Topra Ashokan pillar from the 3rd century B.C. Probably, the Sultan kept 80 to 90 thousand horsemen at the centre and, for the rest, depended on his nobles and governors. It is said that Firuz established 300 towns. All the taxes which were unlawful as per Shariat were abandoned by him. which won praise from various quarters. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq is known as a ‘mixture of opposites’. Form an estimate of the personality of Firoz Shah Tughlaq with special reference to his religious policy and public works. So, when Firoz Shah Tughlaq came into power Sultanate was in trouble from all the sides. b) Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq. Thus, largely he was successful in his domestic policy. Firoz Shah Tughlaq paid great attention towards the domestic affairs of his state. As Muhammad bin Tughlaq left no son, his cousin Feroze Shah Tughlaq ascended the throne as Sultan. Education 7. He also arranged for the maintenance and repairs of his buildings and assigned lands for that purpose. Firuz himself was a scholar and patronized learning. Join now. He placed religious leaders/scholars in charge of governmental policies, built up the infrastructure of … At the same time, his military expeditions, slave system, feudal practice and religious policy etc. In the time of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, Sanskrit books on medicine and music were translated into Persian. His reign was very controversial. Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq (1309 – 20 September 1388) was a Turkic Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. d) Sikandar Lodi. The religious policy of Firuz was reactionary in principle and did positive harm to the state in practice. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. He had the unique distinction of being chosen Sultan by the nobles. Cases of corruption were also there. Firuz distributed a large amount of wealth and land among saints and other religious people. brought discredit to him. Firoz Shah Tughluq has a significant place in the history of Indo-Pakistan. We have read about Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq. Firuz Shah Tughlaq was the Sultan of Delhi from 1351 to 1388 (after the death of Muhammad Tughlaq) and in the 1350s, he established the city of Firozabad at the site of the Feroz Shah Kotla (Literally fortress or citadel of Firoz Shah). The Malwa, Gujarat and Sharqi (Jaunpur) Kingdoms broke away from the Sultanate. Privacy Policy3. He was the third ruler of Tughlaq dynasty that ruled over Delhi from 1320 to 1412 AD. Join now. There was a chief qazi at the capital and other qazis in provincial towns. He ruled from 1351-1388, and built a number of architectural marvels. Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioti Firoz shah paid attention to the consolidation of the state rather than conquers. Firoz banned all kinds of damages and torture. Chungi (Octroi) was one of these taxes which was abolished by Firoz. Feroze Shah Tughlaq (r. 1351–88), the Sultan of Delhi, established the fortified city of Ferozabad in 1354, as the new capital of the Delhi Sultanate, and included in it the site of the present Feroze Shah Kotla. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: After death of Muhammad bin Tughlaq in 1351, Firoz Tughluq (a cousin of Muhammad Tughlaq) had the unique distinction of being chosen as sultan by the nobles. Firuz Tughlaq-Futusha composed a book named A Firozshahi. He also held his own court for administering justice and was in favour of mild punishment. Firoz Shah Tughlaq After his accession Firoz Tughlaq was faced with the problem of preventing the imminent break up of Delhi Sultanate. Finally, while chasing Taghi, Governor of Sindh Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq died in Sindh (1351). During the last years of the reign of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, the administration had disrupted and the subjects were dissatisfied, and also there was a breakdown of the economy.The Muslims were also dissatisfied with the policy … Firishta credited him with the construction of 50 dams, 40 mosques, 30 colleges, 20 palaces, 100 caravan serais, 200 towns, 30 reservoirs, 100 hospitals, 5 mausoleums, 100 public baths, 10 monumental pillars, 10 public wells, and 150 bridges, besides numerous gardens and pleasure houses. While Aurangzeb regarded himself as the master of Islamic laws and therefore, did not depend on the Ulema for their interpretation, Firuz depended on the Ulema for their clarification or interpretations. The credit of his success goes to his capable officers. Century fortress Firoz Shah Tuglaq was a Muslim ruler of Hindustan history, died added colour to buildings. Reasons for the policy of Firoz Shah Tughlaq: born in 1309 was. 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