Number of infant deaths, percentage of total infant deaths, and infant mortality rates for the 10 leading causes of infant death in 2018: United States, 2017 and 2018. Key facts. 1 Over the period 2014 to 2018, the main cause of Indigenous child deaths was perinatal conditions (49 per cent), such as complications of pregnancy and birth. Globally, one-third (35.7%) of neonatal deaths are caused by preterm birth complications followed by intrapartum complications, sepsis and other severe infections. Communicable diseases. The causes of death included low birth weight, prematurity, congenital anomalies, infections, and respiratory distress syndrome. : 012 310 8600 . Federal Ministry of Health. Potential years of life lost. In 2018, the infant mortality rate in England and Wales was highest for mothers aged under 20 years at 5.3 deaths per 1,000 live births, a decrease from 5.6 deaths in 2010. • In 2018, there were 294 infant deaths in NSW, which was 2.7 deaths per 1,000 live births. 3303.0). Injuries. Intentional self-harm death rate was 12.9 per 100,000 people. Worldwide, sepsis accounts for 7% of neonatal deaths (Unicef, 2018). Background In Ethiopia, the trend of neonatal mortality showed slow pace of reduction from 2000–2016 compared to the reduction in infant and under-five mortality over the same period. This study aimed at unpacking the trends of admission, specific causes and rate of neonatal mortality as well as predictors of neonatal mortality at a general hospital in Somali region of Ethiopia. Achieving this goal begins with understanding the age distribution and causes of death underpinning these patterns. 30 The proportion of neonatal death due to each cause differs between geographical areas. This study shows a high neonatal mortality rate in the Ashanti Region of Ghana, 51.8%, with majority dying within 5–14 days. Infant health: low birthweight. Infant mortality in the United States is mostly caused by congenital disabilities, preterm birth and low birth weight, maternal pregnancy complications, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and injuries (such as suffocation). Affected data in this table are: 2010 - 2016 (final), 2017 (revised), 2018 and 2019 (preliminary). 2015-2018. The main goal of the Ghana National Newborn Health Strategy and Action Plan is to take the neonatal mortality rate down to 21 newborn deaths per 1000 live births by the year 2018. Diarrhoea is a leading killer of children, accounting for approximately 8 per cent of all deaths among children under age 5 worldwide in 2017. Data table for Figure 4. This web report presents updated data to 2018 on deaths, causes of death and life expectancy in Australia. This is discussed in more detail below at Causes of death. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. In the sub-Saharan Africa region, pneumonia, diarrhoea, and malaria remain among the leading causes of death among children under age 5, with these causes accounting for almost a third of the global under-five deaths and about 40.0% of under-five deaths in the region . Cause-specific maternal mortality ratios, stillbirth rates, and neonatal mortality rates are shown in the appendix. For comparison, the stillbirth rate in Wales in 2018 was 4.4 per 1,000 births and the neonatal mortality rate was 2.5 neonatal deaths per 1,000 live births. Most Indigenous child deaths (85 per cent) occurred during the first year of life. In the United States sepsis is the seventh leading cause of neonatal and infant death (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Perceived health status by age and gender. Infant mortality has not been included in the analysis because deaths under 28 days do not record an underlying cause of death in the same way as those 28 days and over. This report presents final 2016 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Of the leading causes of infant death in this country, the top 10 account for 67.5 percent of all fatalities, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Non-Medical Determinants of Health. National strategy for newborn and child survival in Ethiopia, 2015/16 – 2029/20 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia June 2015. Absence from work due to illness. Methods: A facility-based in prospective follow-up study was co nducted among neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units of public hospitals of eastern Ethiopia from November 1 to December 30, 2018. Northern Ireland had the highest infant mortality rate of the UK countries in 2018, at 4.2 deaths per 1,000 live births. This was similar for non‑Indigenous children. Discussion To our knowledge, this is the largest study to provide population-based rates, timing, and causes of maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths from the same cohorts across 11 sites in eight countries of sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia, using harmonised methods. Perceived health status by socio-economic status. In England, the infant mortality rate fluctuated around 3.9 deaths per 1,000 live births between 2013 and 2018. Avoidable mortality . Estimates for child causes of death 2000–2016. 19 February 2018. Dementia overtook lung cancer as the 2nd leading cause of death for males. See the Data quality section of the methodology and Causes of Death Revisions, 2016 Final Data (Technical Note) and 2017 Revised Data (Technical Note) in Causes of Death, Australia, 2018 (cat. Causes of Infant Mortality . Death can come even to young children under one year old. Congenital Defects . Australia had the 7 th highest (82.8) and the OECD average was 80.7 years at birth. This difference has declined from 52% over the last 10 years since 2009. Early neonatal mortality is defined as death in the first 6 days after birth. Every year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm (before 37 completed weeks of gestation), and this number is rising. As the number of live births in this age group has dropped by over 50% from 40,591 in 2010 to 18,976 in 2018, this is likely to have had a positive impact on the overall infant mortality rate. Blend Images / ERproductions Ltd / Getty Images. A new CDC report reveals that, although infant death rates across the United States declined 14% in a decade, there are troubling disparities nationwide. Morbidity. This report examines 2017–2018 linked birth/infant death data from the National Vital Statistics System to describe the recent pattern in racial and ethnic differences in mortality and the leading causes of death for infants born to teen mothers aged 15–19. The 10 leading causes of infant death in 2018 accounted for 67.6% of all infant deaths in the United States. 28, 29 The first two factors account for most early neonatal deaths while the latter causes nearly half of late neonatal deaths. Infant mortality in … Cat. Causes of neonatal deaths are prematurity (30 per cent), asphyxia (27 per cent), sepsis (23 per cent), pneumonia (7 per cent), congenital (7 per cent) and others (7 per cent). causes and predictors of neonatal mortality among infants adm itted to neonatal intensive care units in eastern Ethiopia. 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