The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Climate Change Lessons: JPL Education. The climate system is highly complex, as are the human institutions that are affected by and that must respond to climate change. Goal 1 - Connect Impacts and … Invasive species are also moving into warmer regions, a phenomenon known as “Caribbean creep.” The projects below show more ways SERC ecologists are uncovering the planet’s reaction to climate change. Apart from an ethnographic description of how the well-recognized concept of climate change can travel into a remote region like the central Indian Himalaya, … The change for (top row) DJF and (bottom row) for JJA for the (a and d) Control, (b and e) Arctic, and (c and f) Uniform pairs of simulations. Supercharging Climate Change Research Collapse Expand . Use, Smithsonian The typical ethnography is a holistic study and so includes a brief history, and an analysis of the terrain, the climate, and the habitat. Multi-sited ethnography is designed to study contemporary local changes in … Research to inform conservation of River Herring in Chesapeake Bay. Since one of the stated goals of the grant is to "stimulate…students to consider climate science as a career track through experiential education activities" I was particularly interested in how student experiences with the project might differ from school science which has historically "pushed out" ethnically diverse students like those in many of Riverside's schools. Winter cold snaps are becoming less frequent, giving tropical plants an opening to move into the temperate zones. We examine diseased corals across the Caribbean and explore the interactions between coral hosts and their microbial symbionts. The world has experienced some dramatic shifts in the last century, shifts that will almost certainly continue in the century to come. Living in Denial is particularly interesting because of the ethnographic research methods employed, which are unusual in such a field as global climate change. The goal of the Movement of Life Initiative is to develop the science, technology, and analytical tools and models to conserve and manage movement as a critical process for maintaining biodiversity and healthy ecosystems. Ethnographic interviewing is an under-utilized tool in climate change evaluation research, even though it has the potential to serve as a powerful method of data collection. For this, we adopted a multi-sited ethnographic approach (Marcus, 1995). Including special topic on East Asian climate response to 1.5/2 °C global warming. Since 1987, plant ecologists in the Global Change Research Wetland have manipulated CO2, temperature, nitrogen and sea-level rise to forecast how wetland plants may grow in the world of 2100. Climate Change . Flower colors are changing in response to climate change. This website provides a high-level overview of some of the known causes, effects and indications of global climate change: Evidence. Disabled populations may experience a limited access to knowledge, resources, and services to effectively respond to environmental change ([ 3 ][3]). As our planet faces the mounting impacts of climate change, scientists are on the front lines of understanding complex consequences and developing solutions. Agricultural production, cropland area, trade, and prices show the greatest degree of variability in response to climate change, and consumption the lowest. Brief descriptions of some of the key scientific observations that our planet is undergoing abrupt climate change. Common bottlenecks facing scientists include limited access to weather data, and insufficient … The sources of these differences include model structure and specification; in particular, model assumptions about ease of land use conversion, intensification, and trade. Drawing on evaluation work involving a federally-funded climate change … Show all article previews Show all article previews. This year we are joining the mission by collating climate change research published in Oxford University Press journals that highlight a variety of climate change topics. Download PDFs Export citations. Building understanding and adapting to diverse health impacts of climate change through inter-disciplinary collaboration Our collective strives to build a inter-disciplinary network of research expertise in climate change and health within Griffith University, with the purpose of identifying, understanding and responding to critical climate-related health problems. For all that archaeology and other components of cultural heritage have to offer to the global response to climate change, currently they are not widely recognized as central components of that response. Green crosses indicate areas where the change … We analyze abundance data over time for 86 tree species/groups across the eastern United States spanning the last three decades. Warming and elevated CO2 experiment in the Global Change Research Wetland. It strives for the same high quality characteristics of other Inter-Research journals. We seek to build an epistemic community where we can make linkages across disciplinary, geographic, and cultural boundaries. I also sought to understand student perceptions of the project design and implementation and how these perceptions might influence their thinking about science as a career. This event has passed. By Lucy Hicks Sep. 28, 2020 , 3:00 PM. Climate change can have profound impacts on biodiversity and the sustainability of many ecosystems. Extreme weather events are expected to increase in frequency as the Earth’s atmosphere warms. We gain a rich understanding of how people react to information about climate change. A concise discussion of the primary climate change causes on our … In an experimental warming garden, scientists are manipulating temperature to see how well plants resist herbivores in the climate of the future. Causes. Next vol/issue. The first experiment on the marsh, and the longest-running of its kind in the world, began in 1987 under the guidance of plant physiologist Bert Drake. Climate change emerged in response to recurring incidences of human-animal conflict and as an explanation for the disappearance of a protected species through the labors of the local state bureaucracy and its associated expertise. Visitors: Our campus is open for outdoor hiking, biking and paddling Monday through Saturday, 8:30am-4:30pm, with closures only on Sundays and federal holidays. By itself, rising CO2 seems to act like a fertilizer for plant growth, but drought and higher temperatures could put them jeopardy. Select all / Deselect all. Plan for Climate Change: Develop emergency response plans Emergency response plans (ERPs) outline activities and procedures for utilities to follow in case of an incident, from preparation to recovery. This collection of climate change lessons and activities for grades K-12 is aligned with Next Generation Science and Common Core Math Standards and incorporates NASA missions and science along with current events and research. climate change through raising public awareness, supporting research, strengthening government agencies and reducing emissions. Global Change Research Wetland (Tom Mozdzer). Vulnerabilities relate to climate change and other social and environmental changes. A major environmental journal, CR invites papers on all aspects of the interactions of climate with organisms, ecosystems and human societies. Heat lamps warm the plants from above, while cables heat the soil. This project aims to measure how tree growth responds to weather and climate throughout the world. Archaeology in Modern Climate Change Response. It exacerbates less-significant threats, creating new and unforeseen challenges. Ethnographic research can take place in many types of communities including formal and infor­ mal organizations such as workplaces, urban communities, fan clubs, trade fares, shopping centres, and social media. Resilience is a long-standing way of life, not a new concept related specifically to climate change. Climate change is a risk multiplier. Climate change and the loss of ecosystem services are likely to disproportionately affect the world's disabled populations by accentuating inequalities and increasing marginalization of the most vulnerable members of society ([ 1 ][1], [ 2 ][2]). Climate change can involve both changes in average conditions and changes in variability, including, for example, extreme events. The key to ethnographic interviewing, which sets it apart from survey research and other interviewing styles is that the evaluator or researcher designs guided, yet open-ended questions, allowing informants to discuss what is important to them. The difficulty of developing sound strategies for responding to climate change, and of building public support for such strategies, stems in part from the inherent complexity of the issue. About twenty K-12 students from high poverty, ethnically diverse schools who expressed an interest in participating in science fair were paired up with graduate student mentors to simultaneously research climate change and design authentic science fair projects to compete at various levels. Global Climate Change Week is October 14th – 20th and its purpose is to inspire people to engage with each other, their communities, and policymakers on climate change action and solutions. Mass migration is another side effect of climate change. This book shows why information-rich programs are inadequate to get the general populace to take action to address this most serious of issues. The Toolkit for the Ethnographic Study of Space; Member Projects; Resources ; Contact. Extreme weather: Volatile weather is a hallmark of climate change, and it can manifest in any number of ways -- droughts, floods, severe storms, heat waves, cold snaps, frosts. Contents. The Global Change Research Wetland is dedicated to unraveling the complex ecological processes that confer stability on coastal marshes as they respond to global environmental change. This ethnographic insight into vulnerability and resilience provides a basis for stronger engagement in collaboration and … I will share some of the concrete findings from my work on this grant, to serve as examples of the kinds of data evaluators can collect when employing an ethnographic approach to interviewing. Edited by JIANG Zhi-Hong. Drawing on evaluation work involving a federally-funded climate change grant at the University of California, Riverside, I will discuss how to design an ethnographic interview protocol in an effort to share "best practices" with other climate change evaluators. Forest ecologists have also discovered trees growing faster in the last 25 years than they have in the last two centuries. The earth's climate is naturally variable on all time scales. We’re hugely excited about this, and we hope you’ll come along. Of course, it’s true that climate change won’t be solved by your buying or driving habits alone – although many experts agree these are important, and can influence others to make changes to UC Riverside's climate change grant is multi-faceted, however the component studied ethnographically was a science fair mentoring program. In BiodiversiTree, SERC’s experimental forest, ecologists are testing whether the same tree species from the warmer south will grow better than trees from the north. Endogenous economic responses reduce yield loss to 11%, increase area of major crops by 11%, and reduce consumption by 3%. How will life on Earth cope with all the changes the planet is going through? Our global team discussing insights from our first week of research. This study … Tree growth can be difficult to measure, but it is imperative to understanding forest stability and function. Various studies have investigated the impacts of climate change, but large-scale, trait-specific impacts are less understood. In addition, the research is often performed in the native language of the researcher. Designed to be an authoritative assessment of the science of climate change, with a focus on the United States, to serve as the foundation for efforts to assess climate-related risks and inform decision-making about responses. While we can’t promise definitive answers, we do promise to be transparent and open about what we’re doing and to share our perspective on what we find along the way. Submit a Proposal. The changes in the blocking index (days −1) between the pairs of climate change experiments. Since 1987, plant ecologists in the Global Change Research Wetland have manipulated CO2, temperature, nitrogen and sea-level rise to forecast how wetland plants may grow in the world of 2100. For example, 46% of conservative Republicans said tougher fuel efficiency standards for cars and trucks would make a difference. By comparison, about two-thirds of moderate … Forests and wetlands remain some of the most critical ecosystems to preserve. Despite groundwater’s importance, research into the likely impacts of climate change on Washington aquifer systems has lagged far behind surface water impact analyses. 0840 EDUCATION / Evaluation and assessment; 0850 EDUCATION / Geoscience education research. The strongest contemporary evidence for the potential role of climate change in the establishment of new alien species is for terrestrial arthropods, as a result of their ectothermic physiology, often high dispersal rate and their strong association with trade as well as commensal relationships with human environments. Similarly, in a 2018 Pew Research Center survey, conservative Republicans were less likely than other political groups to say specific policy proposals would make a difference in reducing the effects of climate change. ethnographic research can be anywhere, including familiar settings. One of only two tree climbing crabs, Aratus pisonii, feeds on mangrove leaves. To date, heritage has been most fully recognized in climate response with respect to indigenous communities. The utility of the ethnographic interview lies in its ability to elicit responses from program participants describing what a program is in practice, shedding light on both intended and unintended program impacts. However, its long-term state and average temperature are regulated by the balance between incoming and outgoing energy, which determines the Earth's energy balance. See our COVID-19 Visitor Guide for where to park, updated maps and hours, and new safety measures for visitors and staff. Particular attention will be given to applying ethnographic approaches to various program types, even those differing from the one discussed. Actions for selected articles. Nutrient over-enrichment increases the productivity of scrub mangroves, but also decreases their resistance and resilience to hurricane damage. As carbon dioxide and temperatures rise, the growing season lengthens and cold snaps diminish, and precipitation becomes more variable, SERC scientists are tracking changes in plants, animals, microbes and entire ecosystems. Recent reports such as the US Fourth … The utility of the ethnographic interview lies in its ability to elicit responses from program participants describing what a program is in practice, shedding light on both intended and unintended program impacts. Previous vol/issue . Further, I aimed to explore how mentor pedagogical philosophies might impact student experiences with the projects, since the scholarly literature supports the idea that teaching practices are linked to student success and interest in science. (or is it just me...), Smithsonian Privacy The lack of a comprehensive review of potential climate change impacts on groundwater conditions represents an important gap in our ability to respond to the challenges that lie ahead. Find Out More: A Guide to NASA’s Global Climate Change Website. Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 159-294 (September 2020) Download full issue. Jackson Chabot & Isil Akgul present: Cool Streets: Placemaking in Response to COVID-19, Climate Change, and Systemic Racism on Nov. 19 at 12pET. Astrophysical Observatory. Agreement NNX16AC86A, Is ADS down? Adaptation – adapting to the changes that are already, or will occur. However, the document contains numerous shortcomings: it is Notice, Smithsonian Terms of Ethnographic interviewing is an under-utilized tool in climate change evaluation research, even though it has the potential to serve as a powerful method of data collection. The last National Climate Assessment report, released by the U.S. We are working to model rare mortality events to better understand this aspect of forest dynamics, We are studying the timing of growth to understand the importance of seasonal patterns and how they are adjusting to a changing climate, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Professional Development & Science Courses, National Ballast Information Clearinghouse. (In the program students are able to interact one-on-one with a mentor and in school settings there is typically one teacher for more than thirty students). The Smithsonian Interconnected Health Initiative aims to improve human and wildlife health by catalyzing research and action globally. 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