Presence of one or more stones in the kidney is: The medical term for surgical fixation of the kidney is: A series of clinical lab tests performed on a urine specimen is termed a(n) ________. https://quizlet.com/30451781/chapter-11-urinary-system-flash-cards pyelonephritis. The medical term for surgical repair of the bladder is. For a bacterial kidney infection, the typical course of treatment is antibiotic and painkiller therapy. B) nocturia. Urination is the way the body gets rid of waste fluids. The patient is given a medication that is designed to produce excessive urine discharge to decrease blood pressure. The patient is having difficulty voiding after surgery, and the nurse notes that the bladder is full. Lifestyle-based causes include drinking a lot of fluids, especially if they contain caffeine or alcohol. Condition associated with pathological changes in the renal interstitial tissue that may be primary or due to a toxic agent, such as a drug or chemical, which results in destruction of nephrons and severe impairment in renal function. The common causes of cloudy urine are mucous discharge from the prostrate and semen in males, vaginal discharge in females, stress, some types of drugs, foods and health supplements Cloudy urine is not caused by … The Urinary Process. Urinating more often than this may be referred to as frequency, but everyone is different. For best results, perform Kegel exercises 10 to 20 times per set, three times a day, for at least 4 to 8 weeks. polyuria. Abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder resulting from an inability to void is known as: a kidney condition characterized by many fluid-filled sacs, The medical term for the central dispatching point in the kidney which means "eye of the bean" in Latin is, In a retrograde pyelogram, a contrast medium is injected into the kidney using a nephroscope. When one urinates more than 3 liters a day of urine, this is known as polyuria. Several different conditions and diseases can cause hematuria. the most frequent early signs are hypertension, a … What are the differences between COVID-19, the common cold, and influenza? The combining form lith/o means a ________. An ultrasound procedure in which a kidney is imaged with the use of sound waves is: Inflammation of the renal pelvis and nephrons is known as ________. Urinary frequency is not the same as urinary incontinence, which refers to having little control over the bladder. The word root azot means urea or ________. Hematuria is the medical term for blood in your urine. The urethra is a narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder and semen from the ejaculatory ducts. malignant neoplasm of the kidney occurring in young children, usually before age 5 years. Training usually lasts 2 to 3 months. 6) The medical term for excessive discharge of urine is: 6) 7) The patient reports that he has to get up twice a night to urinate. The health care worker should chart that the patient has: 7) 8) The medical term for excessive urination is: 8) 9) The medical term for reduced urination is: 9) A) polyuria. a kidney condition characterized by many fluid-filled sacs. The abbreviation UTI stands for ___________ . Nocturia, for example, is the need to urinate at night, during the sleep cycle. Urology is one medical term which describes the science and treatment of the urinary system, the other term is __________. When of sudden onset, symptoms include an inability to urinate and lower abdominal pain. It can occur alongside urinary incontinence, but it is not the same. It is normally only a problem if it affects a person’s quality of life. Bladder training: This involves training the bladder to hold urine longer. Inflammation of the kidney involving the renal parenchyma (the nephrons), kidney pelvis and kidney calices. What do we really know about antioxidants? BUN is the abbreviation for ________. interstitial nephritis. urination [u″rĭ-na´shun] the discharge of urine from the bladder; urine from the kidneys is passed in spurts every few seconds along the ureters to the bladder, where it collects and later is passed to the outside via the urethra. This condition of excessive urine discharge is known as, The abbreviation IVP stands for _______________. All rights reserved. Polyuria is a fairly common symptom. However, this can vary depending on how much water you drink and what your total body water is. Often, there is … Urinary frequency just means needing to visit the bathroom to urinate more often. n. Excessive discharge of urine. D) hematuria. diuretics . The medical term for a congenital defect where the urethral opening is abnormally positioned on the dorsal surface of the penis is: In the medical term azot, the prefix a- means. This increased awareness can help the patient improve their control of their pelvic muscles. This condition of excessive urine discharge is known as ________. Urodynamic tests assess the effectiveness of the urinary bladder in storing and releasing urine, and they examine the function of the urethra. Polyuria is the medical term for producing a lot of urine. nephrectomy: Definition. Urine stays in the urinary bladder until it reaches a point of fullness and an urge to urinate. Inflammation of the kidney pelvis and the urinary bladder. Inflammation of a kidney is known as nephralgia. Called also micturition and voiding. Conditions affected by hormones range from thyroid problems to diabetes and…, Managing diabetes can be difficult and complicated. ... medication administered to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess salt and water . Kegel exercises: Regular daily exercises, often done around pregnancy, can strengthen the muscles of the pelvis and urethra and support the bladder. pyelocystitis. Define Diurese. A procedure that removes nitrogenous wastes and excess ions directly from the blood, replacing the normal function of the kidneys, is: Urologist is one term describing a specialist in kidney disease. This can become life-threatening, and it needs attention. urinary: ... urine excessive urination: Term. These prevent abnormal involuntary detrusor muscle contractions from occurring in the wall of the bladder. Overall in function and main principles, the urinary system is closest to. Term. Most people urinate between 6 and 7 times over a 24-hour period. Causes of Cloudy Urine. [ pol″e-u´re-ah] excessive excretion of urine, such as with diabetes mellitus. Urinalysis Definition Urinalysis is a diagnostic physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of a urine sample (specimen). When one urinates more than 3 liters a day of urine, this is known as polyuria. Frequent urination can also develop as a habit. An excessive volume of urination for an adult is more than 2.5 liters of urine per day. (do not forget to include the combining vowel). The cause isn't completely understood, but certain activities, such as unprotected sex or frequent douching, increase your risk. The medical term for excess urea and other nitrogenous wastes in the bloodstream is _____ or azotemia. elevated level of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood, as occurs in renal failure; also called azotemia. To obtain precise measurements, the health professional may use: The patient may have to change their fluid intake or stop taking certain medications before the test. Onset can be sudden or gradual. This section contains prefixes that are used for the medical terminology of most systems. Urinary frequency describes feeling that you have to pee very often but not passing much urine (this happens in urinary tract infections). Untreated, this can permanently damage the kidneys. Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. Training in behavioral techniques may also help. The combining form olig/o means ________ in number. (3 words). Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. The medical term nitrogen is a relatively modern term which is artificially made up of the Latin word for sodium and the suffix -gen meaning "to originate. (2 words). Urologist is one term describing a specialist in kidney disease. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. At night, this can interrupt the sleep cycle with urges to urinate. If there are other symptoms, they may indicate another, possibly more serious condition. Many people live with frequent urination, known medically as frequency. Urinary frequency is when a person needs to use the bathroom more often than usual. Inflammation of the prostate gland. nephr/o: kidney-ectomy: removal, excision excision of a kidney: When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). The medical term for inflammation of the kidney is: The patient is given a medication that is designed to produce excessive urine discharge to decrease blood pressure. Last medically reviewed on November 16, 2018, COVID-19 shares some similarities with other respiratory conditions, such as the common cold and influenza, although there are also crucial…, Loss of appetite can have many causes, including short-term infections, psychological or mental health conditions, cancers, and certain medications…, An endocrinologist specializes in all things relating to our hormones. Subject. The medical name for this condition is: hydronephrosis. answer. Abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder resulting from an inability to void is known as: urinary retention. These include infections, … Urine that contains a lot of water and few waste products has little to no odor. Chapter 9 The Urinary System Medical Terms Flashcards Preview ... the use of a handheld ultrasound transducer to measure the amount of urine remaining in the bladder after urination . Nocturia, or nocturnal polyuria, is the medical term for excessive urination at night. Urine contains water, uric acid, urea, and toxins and waste filtered from within the body. We take a look at these hair follicle infections, their risk factors, and home remedies. Biofeedback: Used alongside Kegel exercises, biofeedback therapy enables the patient to become more aware of how their body functions. diabetes (n.) medical name of two different affections, both characterized by abnormal discharge of urine, 1560s, from medical Latin diabetes, from late Greek diabetes "excessive discharge of urine" (so named by Aretaeus the Cappadocian, physician of Alexandria, 2c. Monitoring fluid intake: This may show that drinking a lot at certain times is the main cause of frequent urination. Distension of the renal pelvis due to obstruction or backflow is called ________. Urinary frequency, or just frequency, is different from urinary incontinence. any blood in the urine at all; any unusual discharge from the penis; continuous or severe urinary incontinence (you can't hold your urine). A patient suffers from an involuntary release of urine. Frequent urination can indicate a kidney infection, for example. Medical. Leukorrhea is a medical term that describes a thick white discharge, sometimes whitish-yellowish. Created. The medical term for crushing stones is ________. Urine consists mainly of water. ", The combining form for bladder is ______. The medical term ureterostenosis means: Level. Ren is the combining form for kidney which derives from Latin, the combining form for kidney which derives from greek is _____ (do not forget to include the combining vowel in the form). If the consultation leads to a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, treatment will aim to keep high blood sugar levels under control. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved. Other treatments address frequent urination rather than an underlying cause. Glossary of Common Urologic Terms Azoospermia: The absence of sperm in the semen. A doctor will carry out a thorough history and physical examination, asking the patient about frequency of urination and other symptoms. Many people live with frequent urination, known medically as frequency. Brachytherapy: A type of radiation therapy in which radioactive materials are placed in direct contact with the tissue being treated. Sometimes, frequent urination can indicate a more serious condition. Pregnancy. Frequent urination with an abnormally large amount of urine is often an early symptom of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes as the body tries to rid itself of unused glucose through the urine. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): A benign enlargement of the prostate gland. If needed, medication therapy will be prescribed and monitored by a physician. pyonephrosis. Term. Frequency can often be treated with exercises, but if there is an underlying condition, such as, overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome, which causes involuntary bladder contractions that lead one to feel a sudden urge to have to urinate, radiation of the pelvis, such as during cancer treatment, urine that is bloody, cloudy, or of an unusual color, gradual loss of bladder control, or urinary incontinence, the pattern of frequent urination, for example when it started, how things have changed, and what time of day it occurs, any changes in the color, smell, or consistency of the urine, how much caffeine and alcohol the person consumes, and whether this has recently changed, urine analysis to identify any abnormality in the urine, neurological tests to detect any nerve disorder, recording the time it takes to produce a urinary stream, gauging the ability to stop urinating mid-stream, imaging equipment to observe the bladder filling and emptying, monitors to measure pressure inside the bladder, sensors to record muscle and nerve activity. Diurese synonyms, Diurese pronunciation, Diurese translation, English dictionary definition of Diurese. The medical name for this condition is: The medical term for pus in the urine is: The medical term for an X-ray image of the renal pelvis after contrast dye is injected into the ureter is: The medical term for the involuntary discharge of urine during coughing, sneezing, or straining is: The medical term for the instrument utilized to view the interior of the bladder is: one of the capillary networks that are part of the renal corpuscles in the nephrons of the kidney, the wall of the renal corpuscles in the nephrons of the kidney, inflammation of the renal corpuscles in the nephrons of the kidney. 107. Urinary frequency can be defined as needing to urinate more than 7 times in a period of 24 hours while drinking about 2 liters of fluid. The vaginal pH is acidic, acting against the development of infections. If the cause is an overactive bladder, a medication known as an anticholinergic may be used. It can disrupt one’s normal routine, interrupt the sleep cycle, and it can be a sign of an underlying medical condition. Undergraduate 4. Most people urinate 6 or 7 times in 24 hours. Provide the term based on the brief definition. The kidneys play a key role in this process. Male discharge is any fluid that comes from the urethra other than urine. In addition to incontinence, another correct medical term for this condition is ________. The medical term for sugar in the urine is: The patient reports that he has to get up twice a night to urinate. 22 difficult or painful urination . The vagina is like a passageway between the body`s exterior and the internal reproductive organs of the woman. Definition. It is characterized by abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting and occasionally diarrhea. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause. Eating high-fiber foods can also help reduce constipation. medical terms urinary test - pta. The medical term for excessive urination is: The correct abbreviation for urinalysis is ________. (3 words). Definition. Other symptoms that may need further attention include: If other symptoms are present, or if urinary frequency is affecting quality of life, it is a good idea to see a doctor. Those with long-term problems are at risk of urinary tract infections. Definition. This problem is different from needing to urinate often. They may need to arrive at the clinic with a full bladder. Children, too, have smaller urinary bladders, so it is normal for them to urinate more frequently. Urinary retention is an inability to completely empty the bladder. The patient is having difficulty voiding after surgery, and the nurse notes that the bladder is full. This may indirectly improve urine flow through the urethra, as a constipated rectum can put pressure on the urinary bladder, the urethra, or both. More commonly, the underlying cause is uncertain. A range of changes can make the urinary system more active. A man or woman may be referred to a urologist, or a woman may be referred to a gynecologist. A “normal” urine volume … At other times, the excessive vaginal discharge may be related to an underlying disease and this is known as a pathological discharge . ABBRIEVATION FOR UTI MEANS. This can be a symptom of diabetes insipidus or diabetes mellitus. Excessive vaginal discharge which is not related to any disease process (physiological discharge) may be seen during ovulation and pregnancy. It is usually temporary. A patient has a condition where the exit of urine from the kidney is blocked, resulting in backup of urine and distension of the renal pelvis. In addition, the bacteria that cause the infection can potentially enter the bloodstream, infecting other areas of the body. The medical term for excess urea and other nitrogenous wastes in the bloodstream is ________ or azotemia. The medical term for surgical removal of the kidney is: The correct spelling of the Greek word root for kidney is. At this point, the urine is expelled from the body. One of the main symptoms of polyuria is urinating frequently. It's the amount and concentration of various waste products excreted by the kidneys that causes urine odor. Chronic Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate gland, developing slowly and lasting […] Excessive discharge of urine. Discharge increases in the middle of your menstrual cycle — around day 14 — as your body prepares to release an egg from the ovary. GLYCOSURIA. This may mean limiting alcohol and caffeine intake and cutting out foods that can irritate the bladder or act as a diuretic, such as chocolate, spicy foods, and artificial sweeteners. The structure(s) that join(s) the kidneys to the urinary bladder is/are the: Retroperitoneal organ means that the organ is located. When of gradual onset, symptoms may include loss of bladder control, mild lower abdominal pain, and a weak urine stream. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Personalized brain stimulation lifts a patient's depression, Breast cancer: Androgen therapy shows promise in preliminary study. The health care worker should chart that the patient has: The definition of the medical term lithotripsy is: a noninvasive surgical technique that crushes stones. Early identification of the problem can lead to a timely and effective treatment and prevent complications. Bacterial vaginosis is a type of vaginal inflammation caused by the overgrowth of bacteria naturally found in the vagina, which upsets the natural balance.Women in their reproductive years are most likely to get bacterial vaginosis, but it can affect women of any age. uremia. Frequency is not the same as urinary incontinence, where there is leakage of urine. HEMODIALYSIS. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) IBS is a digestive disorder that affects the colon. Urination is a complex process, involving various body systems. Many psychiatry patients prefer online therapy, Paralyzed mice walk again after cytokine treatment. Total Cards. Excessive urination volume (or polyuria) occurs when you urinate more than normal. The term alkaline derives from the name of the plant containing sodium carbonate. During sleep time, your body produces less urine that is more concentrated. However, it can be a sign of kidney or ureter problems, urinary bladder problems, or another medical condition, such as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, pregnancy, or prostate gland problems. ... excessive urea and other nitrogenous wast products in blood (also called "azotemia") Term. Bacteria sometimes cause prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate). PROCEDURE THAT REMOVES NITROGENOUS WASTES AND EXCESS IONS FROM THE BLOOD, REPLACING THE NORMAL FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEY. Boils on the inner thigh can appear as red, swollen bumps. Bed-Wetting Definition Bed-wetting is the unintentional (involuntary) discharge of urine during the night. C) oliguria. Frequent urination means having an urge to pass urine more often than usual. Consult your doctor promptly if you experience: fever Unlock … Wilms tumor. Urine volume is considered excessive if it equals more than 2.5 liters per day. One medical term for excessive discharge of urine is ________, or diuresis. Often, there is often a simple cause that can be put right through treatment. It can lead to thick … The combining form hydr/o means ________. The other term is a _______________. © 2004-2021 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. The urine tends to become cloudy when the mineral concentration, amount of white blood cells (leukocytes) and fat increase in the urine. However, a 7-day meal plan can help a person manage diabetes with a healthful diet, and it can be…. Specimens can be obtained by normal emptying of the bladder (voiding) or by a hospital procedure called catheterization. It is usually temporary. Eating a balanced diet and maintaining an active lifestyle can help moderate the output of urine. However, individuals differ, and most people only see a doctor when urination becomes so frequent that they feel uncomfortable. Although most children between the ages of three and five begin to stay dry at night, the age at which children are physically and emotionally ready to maintain complete bladder control varies. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (144) A patient has a condition where the exit of urine from the kidney is blocked, resulting in backup of urine and distension of the renal pelvis.